Consolidating democracy prerequisites
Others accuse the ‘democracy-corruption nexus’ of being a ‘rosy view’ of reality (Trange, 1994).
The empirical evidence is far from conclusive (Rock, 2007, 1).
For example, most countries in Central and Eastern Europe became consolidated democracies relatively quickly after the fall of communism. Problems of democratic transition and consolidation.
How we know this is because they've built constitutional checks and balances, people have not attempted to overthrow the system and go back to authoritarianism, and social surveys suggest that people think democracy is the best form of government, although many are dissatisfied with the way their country is run.
The most famous definition of democratic consolidation is when democracy has become the "only game in town", i.e.
when there is no risk of sliding back to authoritarianism anymore.
Chapter II: Definitions It does not take long to find detailed explanations of democracy (Shepard, 1935; Gallacher, 1946; Cohen, 1971; Harrison, 1993; Tilly, 2007). In fact, close to two decades have passed since the famous “cancer of corruption” speech was delivered by former-World Bank President Jim Wolfensohn (see World Bank, 1996) and the international community remains deeply divided. Some have pointed to democracy as a powerful tool to reduce corruption (Langseth, 1999, 12, 15; Treisman, 2000; Chowdhury, 2004, 13; Kolstad and Wiig, 2004). This dissertation will test the hypothesis that democracy can reduce corruption. Chapter II will begin by briefly detailing the meaning of democracy.